Reading Reminder: Vowel Sounds
5 Long Vowels: Long vowels are when the sound is the same as the letter name – faith, dream, smile, vote, rule.
5 Short Vowels: Short vowels are often the hardest for people to hear differentiated. They are the sounds at the beginning of the following words – Ultimate optimism, attitude is everything.
3 R-Controlled Vowels: Vowels make these sounds when paired with an R.
- AR as in scarf
- OR as in storm
- ER, IR, and UR as in her, sir, or fur
5 Special Vowel Sounds: These vowel combinations do not use long or short sounds, but create a special sound of their own. W and Y are part of some of these special combinations.
- AU and AW as in Paul and saw
- OU and OW as in sound and how
- OI and OY as in voice and joy
- OO as in zoo
- OO as in book